Agarwood ( Oud ) perfumes are identical well known here in Saudi Arabia. People either burn Agarwood ( Oud ) woodwind chips as cense or wear the oil as a aroma. It has a providential dulcet, woody bouquet that stays around for hours .
In Saudi Arabia, Agarwood ( Oud ) woodwind is routinely burned in the home, particularly when guests come around. little pieces are put on hot coals in a particular burner and the smoke from the burning wood is wafted onto the clothes and torso.
Reading: Binh Nghia Agarwood Co., Ltd
The olfactory property is sol strong that it stays for hours, evening days as it becomes embedded in your hair and clothes .
Agarwood (Oud) Oil
The fragrant Agarwood ( Oud ) oil is chummy and slightly gooey. It is sold in little bottles and applied to the body in very small drops using a matchstick-sized plastic stick attached to the inside of the bottle capital. It is sold in aroma shops in a ‘ tola ’ measurement which is about 12 grams in weight .
however, some Agarwood ( Oud ) perfumes are sold as sprays, but genuine Agarwood ( Oud ) it is difficult to apply in this direction since it can stain the clothes specially since men wear a batch of white in Saudi Arabia. sol, people always prefer to buy oils .
You either love the olfactory property of Agarwood ( Oud ) or you hate it. Men love it more because of its forte, brawny, about acerb woody sweetness aroma .
Women prefer odoriferous smells such as rose and musk. All the same, the ladies love to burn the Agarwood ( Oud ) chips around the theater so as to feel good and to receive guests .
person I once knew compared the smack of Agarwood ( Oud ) to that of overawe manure. I thought it was a strange comment at first. Later, I understood that the smell of some cheaper oils is sometimes pungent and slightly harsh .
For that rationality, it is better to go to the shops and try them out before you buy them .
What does Oud mean in Arabic?
“ The Tarab Prince ” television features Ziv Yehezkel, a jewish Arab choirmaster. Ziv performs the egyptian love sung “ Nebtidi Minain El Hikaya ” ( “ where should we begin the narrative ” ), in the first place performed by the egyptian singer Abdel Halim Hafez .
In Arabic, the word ‘ Oud ’ literally means a minor plunder of woodwind. For exemplar, in Morocco, the bum wooden toothpicks used for scraping between the dentition is actually called an ‘ Oud ’ .
It is besides the name was given to the lute, a orotund body melodious musical instrument from the Middle East. The cause is that the name ‘ Oud ’ refers to the strips of thin wood that are used to make the soundbox of the Oud instrument .
It is besides suggested that the identify may have besides come from the cow horn pick ( risha ) used to play the legal document .
Agarwood ( Oud ) is so named because the perfume wood is harvested in small chips ( Agarwood ) from the branches and trunks of the Aquilaria trees that are grown chiefly in Asia. These chips are then dried and sold to wholesalers who then supply international perfume houses and retail customers in the Arabian Gulf and in Saudi Arabia .
Agarwood (Oud) Is Rotten Wood?
Agarwood ( Oud ) is produced from rotten wood. It is hard to believe, but the fantastic olfactory property of Agarwood ( Oud ) oil is actually a solution of a natural answer by the Aquilaria tree to heal itself of wounds .
When the trunk or branches of an Aquilaria tree get punctured or damaged, parasitic molds naturally enter the wood through the exposed wind first through the bark and then into the heartwood .
As the fungus starts causing problems inside the heartwood, the Aquilaria tree magically reacts to the infection by producing an ever-widening dirt that contains Agarwood ( Oud ) resin .
The black, brown stained resinate heartwood is late harvested and sold as Agarwood ( Oud ) woodwind chips ( Agarwood ) for burn. The Agarwood ( Oud ) petroleum, however, is made from the white function of the heartwood .
Uses of Agarwood (Oud)
People in Asia and the Gulf have been burning Agarwood Agarwood ( Oud ) chips and using the oil for centuries. however, it is besides used to make other things :
Bracelets and Beads
Medicine and Cures
Agarwood is besides used to make Ayurvedic medicate in India, Tibet, China, Malaysia, and Vietnam. It is besides known to be used as a bring around and presently being researched in disinfectant compounds, as an antidepressant, as a remedy for cancer and cosmopolitan health and well being .
Who Uses Agarwood (Oud)?
Most Agarwood ( Oud ) products are sold in the Middle East, China, Taiwan, and Japan. They are routinely used both in the home and for some traditional and religious ceremonies .
The warm, woody rich balsamic aroma of cauterize Agarwood ( Oud ) wood chips and the oil is brain numbingly beautiful and it is besides considered to be remedy .
In the Middle East, natural Healers function it for curing ceremonies. In Japan, burning Agarwood ( Oud ) wood is used in Shinto Buddhist Temples. Pilgrims offer flowers and Agarwood. besides, there is a religious community located in the Vietnam Mekong Delta that routinely uses Agarwood in their ceremonies .
In the last few years, major perfume houses Dior, Tom Ford, Yves Saint Laurent, Estee Lauder, and others have started to use Agarwood ( Oud ) essences in their mainline perfumes .
however, it is no longer possible to produce adequate high quality ‘ wild ’ Agarwood ( Oud ) oil to supply the advanced mass market. To achieve that a stand-in synthetic product is manufactured and sold as Agarwood ( Oud ) oil, in perfumes and eau de toilet, etc. so, they contain no Agarwood extracts at all and are subscript in every means .
There is a very boastful remainder Between Wild and Cultivated Agarwood
A like olfactory property of Agarwood ( Oud ) can be imitated through chemical processes and profiles. however, making synthetic Agarwood ( Oud ) sulfur is very unmanageable and expensive .
This is because the amazing Agarwood ( Oud ) bouquet is achieved naturally because of a 15 carbons chain compound called Sesquiterpenes .
Inferior chemical substitutes are used to make Agarwood ( Oud ) perfumes for the mass markets. They can not compare with the real oils. even some lower quality oils used in post fragrances have been cut with man-made substitutes .
The Aquilaria or Gyrinops Tree
For centuries, the beautiful Aquilaria species had grown crazy in the high forests of Asia in countries including India, Bangladesh, China, Malaysia, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, Burma. Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, and Thailand .
The Aquilaria species were native to Northern India specifically in the area of Mizoram. It besides existed in the fantastic in Bangladesh and Burma .
With time, the barbarian species spread from Assam to Bangladesh and South East Asia. In the past, the olfactory property produced for the wood chips of these Agarwood trees was exceptionally good .
The Aquilaria Tree Is Endangered
The most coarse wild species called Aquilaria Malaccensis prevailing in Malaysia and Indonesia is immediately close to extinction. today, it is a critically endangered species according to the IUCN Red List .
In India ‘ wild ’ Aquilaria became extinct 800 years ago. In the South East Asia most are now endangered because of illegal over-harvesting .
Although harvests and trade of Agarwood are monitored by TRAFFIC, it is not adequate. Forests containing any wild trees are hush being logged and ravaged by illegal Agarwood hunters who sell the stolen wood on the insatiate black market .
It is sad that wild Agarwood is about nonexistent today. Of naturally, due to its gamey value, it has been harvested to near extinction .
The remaining violent Aquilaria Trees that check Agarwood are protected on forest reserves or cryptic in apart afforest regions of Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, Laos, and Cambodia. here, lone 1 in 100/200 trees have the capability to produce the valuable Agarwood resin .
IPGRI Conservation Efforts to Save Aquailaria and early Trees form extinction
Attempts to conserve the Aquilaria are being made by encouraging homeowners to plant the trees in their personal gardens and plantations .
The Aquilaria tree is cultivated today on plantations. The most democratic kind is the Aquilaria Malaccensis .
There are about 17 know species than can make Agarwood. however, 20 species are listed below and the country where they are grown .
1 Aquilaria Achalloga India and SouthEast Asia
2 Aquilaria Agallocha India and SouthEast Asia
3 Aquilaria Rostrata Malaysia
4 Aquilaria Cumingiana Malaysia and Indonesia
5 Aquilaria Malaccensis Malaysia/Indonesia/India/Thailand
6 Aquilaria Hilata Malaysia and Indonesia
7 Aquilaria Microcapa Malaysia and Indonesia
8 Aquilaria Beccarain Indonesia
9 Aquilaria Sinensis Malaysia and China
10 Aquilaria Brachyantha Malaysia
11 Aquilaria Crassna Cambodia/Malaysia/Thailand/Vietnam
12 Aquilaria Filaria China
13 Aquilaria Grandiflora China
14 Aquilaria Chinensis China
15 Aquilaria Crassna Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam
16 Aquilaria Khasiana India
17 Aquilaria Apiculina Philippines
18 Aquilaria Bailloni Thailand/ Cambodia
19 Aquilaria Subintegra Thailand
20 Aquilaria Baneonsis Vietnam
On plantations, Aquilaria trees are first cultivated from seeds in particular nurseries. They grow best in the ghost and can be transplanted more successfully after they reach a height of about 35 cm and with a root diameter of 4.0 mm
Seedlings get stressed after being transplant and excessively much sun exposure. artificial dirt fertilizer is used to help the seedlings and reduce tension it experiences. Seedling with tall dense stems has a better opportunity of survival after being moved .
Aquilaria trees seedlings like a variety show of flaxen soils. For best results, they should be planted anywhere between 500m to 1000m above ocean grade. The seedlings need lots of ghost. It takes up to four years for them to flower and fruit .
Workers on sustainable plantations do their best to imitate the natural growth process of the angry trees by trying to perfect the artificial processes of infect ( inoculating ) the trees with the aim of producing the highest and best quality yields of Agarwood resin .
There a numeral of methods that growers use to infect the Aquilaria trees. For all techniques, the goal is to wound the tree trunks or branches and introduce a parasitic fungus into the scent either naturally or using a chemical polish .
ideally, they want to grow trees that can start making resin if possible after two years of growth with the like olfactory property and chemical composition as trees that grow in the wild
In the baseless, the Ambrosia Beetle ( scolytine weevil ) which will bore a hole into the Aquilaria/Gyrinops corner proboscis or branches. The hole late gets infected by a parasitic Ascomycetous kin of fungus .
so as to control the spread of the infection ( inoculation ) an amaze immune response is caused in the tree. It is during that process of self immunization by the tree that the charming happens. A delightful, pungent, deeply woody, the induce resin is lento created in the heartwood .
The infection of the sapwood will work to create resin, but the acute aroma is produced chiefly in the heartwood .
Infected Aquilaria trees grow much more slowly than goodly, unaffected trees. In time, as the resin penetrates the heartwood, it will change from a pale color to dark brown university or to black and increase in its bouquet .
People in Bangladesh drive nails into the trees truck at 10 curium intervals. The resin collected is of humble timbre and entirely a minor quantity of oil can be produced. besides, it takes a long time for the resin to form. such trees have t be harvested only after 8 years .
Drilling Holes In Aquilaria Trees On A Plantation
In Indonesia, the Philippines, and Vietnam growers use mechanical drills to make holes deep into the heartwood of the trees. sometimes, they drill correct through the hand truck out to the other side .
then, the holes can be left exposed to the elements or else special formative tubes are inserted in the holes. Over time and if left exposed, the holes will close and new wood is formed .
The tuck tubes can be used to deliver water, fungal cultures and as an easy direction to collect resin as it forms .
however, drill has the same disadvantages and can damage and kill the trees .
Branding Chisel Method
similar to drilling holes with a mechanical drill, a burning hot metallic element drill piece is used to drill holes in the tree torso starting .5 thousand above the labor all the way yo the tree luggage compartment. Holes are set at 15-20 centimeter aside .
The goal is to stop microbe from entering the wounds. Holes are late sealed using sterile methane series wax .
Using a prepared fungal culture to inoculate trees is quicker and easier. Trees must first be drilled with 10cm holes at intervals of 5-7cm across the entire torso area. Plastic pipes are then inserted for aeration and to keep the holes open .
then the train fungus culture is injected into the holes via the plastic tubes using a especial syringe. This starts off the infection process. Fungi used is either specially prepare or collected from another infected Agarwood tree .
It takes up to two years for the tree to start producing Agarwood .
After fungal inoculation is completed, especial testing ground prepared chemicals are then put into the holes to inhibit the cells healing mechanisms of the tree that naturally slow down resin production .
Chemicals used include ferric chloride, sodium bisulfate, and NaCI and others. Using these chemicals stops holes from close and allows more resin to be produced .
The Ambrosia Beetle and other insects can be introduced to the tree and encouraged to infect it. The method acting is a natural one, but identical unmanageable to control and produce satisfactory results .
Agar Wit Method
For deeper, more widespread infection of Aquliaria trees, scientists invented the Agar Wit method acting of inoculation. This involves cutting out a squared section of the bark in the trunk and spraying the unlying wood with a culture of fungus Rigidoporus Vinctus .
This is a type of fungus that rots forest and is much blamed for killing other crop types .
It works very well by quickly degrading the cellulose and lignin of plant cells. far-flung infection is achieved because of the strength of its enzymatic system .
Agarwood is produced bass in the proboscis as a consequence of the defense reaction of the tree. Using Agar Wit, contagion is a whole truck, unlike the nail and drill techniques in which contagion is limited to a strip in and around the holes .
The resinate wood is called versatile names such as :
Agarwood ( Oud ),
ideally, harvesting should take place when the infect Aquilaria tree is 12 years of age. however, on a plantation, it can start american samoa early as between four and seven years .
first, a public square section of the tree bark is removed and a hatchet is used to cut out a ball that contains the blackened resinated heartwood of the tree torso .
second gear, the black, resinated heartwood sections are stripped aside from the unmoved white wood, collected and dried fix to be sold .
Distillation to Make Agarwood (Oud) Oil
To make Agarwood ( Oud ) anoint, the heartwood is ground to a powder, cooked and distilled ( hydro or steamed ) until a pure oil is produced .
The best Agarwood ( Oud ) oil is made from the inaugural ‘ rend ’ in the distillation process. further batches of ‘ pulls ’ will produce petroleum, but it is broadly of inferior quality .
thereafter, the anoint is filtered, left to old age and sunned before it becomes available for sale to perfume house and Agarwood ( Oud ) wholesalers .
The quality of storage cooking containers, condensers, pipes, and soaking basins can greatly affect the quality of the oil produced. Using copper pipes and repositing drums produce a sweet, flowery oil whereas preparation in steel produces a very different bouquet .
conversely, formative or ceramic materials can produce something quite unlike. The combination of materials is varied .
Agarwood ( Oud ) forest and vegetable oil gets black and improves greatly with age .
The market for grove Agarwood is over $ 12 billion per year and it is increasing. More than 12,000 kilograms of Agarwood ( Oud ) oil is sold annually. The respect of Agarwood ( Oud ) oil is 1.5 times more than that of gold. For that reason, Agarwood ( Oud ) oil is considered to be liquid gold .
properly infected trees that are cared for after 7 years of age can yield 3-4 tolas of Agarwood ( Oud ) oil. On the wholesale marketplace, 1 tola of petroleum fetches about $ 250 .
Earnings from yields of anoint for one 7-year-old plantation tree are presently about $ 1000 and prices are rising .
Number of Trees Wholesale Price
25 $ 25,000
50 $ 50,000
100 $ 100,000
200 $ 200,000
thereafter, yields for each tree increase by about 10 % per year or around 1 tola of extra vegetable oil every 5 years .
A liter of very high-quality Agarwood ( Oud ) anoint can fetch equally much as between $ 20,000 USD and $ 50,000 .
Determining Agarwood (Oud) Oil Value
There are a number of factors that determine the value of an Agarwood tree .
Inoculation Method (Natural or Artificial)
origin of roots, trunks, and branches
Time Since Infection
Oil Processing Methods
Types of Agarwood ( Oud ) Perfume
All the 17 species of Aquilaria originate in the respective countries produce very different heartwood resin. Each has its own chemical composing, its own unique olfactory property, its own optimum inoculation and method acting of harvest .
Buying Agarwood (Oud)
Buy Agarwood Chips For Burning or Agarwood ( Oud ) Oil Extracted From The wood
today you can buy Agarwood ( Oud ) in two ways. The beginning is the perfume houses general brands of sprays and colognes that today contain sweetly mixtures of the scents of Agarwood ( Oud ) regardless of the purity of the ingredients .
The second is pure Agarwood ( Oud ) oils. This is midst, gooey Agarwood oil which is applied immediately to the body. They are the crude, plain and unadulterated oils extracted from the resinated heartwood of the Aquilaria tree .
nowadays, the most expensive and rarest types of Agarwood ( Oud ) oils you can buy today are harvested from trees that were infected for about 100 years. today, they have all but disappeared. The oils from these trees can placid be bought, but they are very, very expensive .
If you want to buy a kilogram of pure Agarwood woodchips for burning in the high street shops, you will pay about $ 10- $ 14,000. The pure Agarwood ( Oud ) vegetable oil of the lapp slant will cost you up to $ 100,000. It is very expensive indeed. For this argue, much smaller qualities are purchased .
How to Buy Agarwood (Oud) Oil
In Saudi Arabia, you can buy pure Agarwood ( Oud ) vegetable oil in three sizes :
Tola- 12 milliliter
Half Tola 6ml
Quarter Tola 3ml
Buying Agarwood ( Oud ) oils is expensive ! A Tola size can cost between 1,000SR to 10,000SR depending on the type and mark. Some can cost much more .
It is better to buy in weight, not capability. 12ml is about equal to 12g in burden. Ask your seller to weigh the oil before he/she pours it into the Tola sized phial .
Though it is supposed to have a 12ml capacity, it normally may only hold about 11.5ml or a little more. When buying Agarwood ( Oud ) oil, every drop counts .
Names/Sources of Agarwood ( Oud ) Oil You Can Buy
Read more: Âm mưu phá hoại Phật giáo của Pháp Luân Công
Agarwood (Oud) Chips
Agarwood (Oud) Chunks
Sinking Grade Oud
Arabian Agarwood ( Oud )
Abdul Samad al Qurashi
Most expensive Oils in Saudi Market Reach More than $ 1,300/tola