List of Cryptocurrencies You Need to Know

Most people can name at least one cryptocurrency, and chances are adept it ’ south either Bitcoin or Ethereum. Since the debut of Bitcoin — and the dawn of cryptocurrency — in 2008 by the mysterious and pseudonymous Satoshi Nakamoto, tens of thousands of cryptocurrencies have been released. Estimates for the phone number of cryptocurrencies range from 12,000 to 19,000 cosmopolitan. Some are more celebrated than others. Some have sprouted up only to wither and die under the heat of the rollercoaster cryptocurrency market : total market capitalization reached $ 3 trillion in November of 2021 and in June of 2022, dipped below $ 1 trillion .

Top 10 Cryptocurrencies

  • Bitcoin
  • Ethereum
  • Tether
  • USD Coin
  • BNB
  • Binance USD
  • XRP
  • Cardano
  • Solana
  • Dogecoin
  • Note: Ranked by market capitalization as of July 14, 2022

What Is a Cryptocurrency? 

A cryptocurrency is a digital currentness — not real, as is a euro bill or dollar bill — secured by cryptanalysis. Transactions of it are recorded in a digital daybook, which is a blockchain. Because it is secured by cryptanalysis, this form of money is impossible to counterfeit.

Cryptocurrency is besides decentralized, meaning it can be bought, traded and used to purchase things without the care of a third party, say a bank. Cryptocurrency issuers say that using crypto makes buying things, and transferring money, an easy, secret and relatively low-cost proposition. Cryptocurrencies and the blockchains that support them are largely open-source and supported by nonprofit organization foundations and ball-shaped teams of volunteer developers who work for free. More on Crypto Trading 19 Crypto trade Platforms to Know

Types of Cryptocurrencies

Dive into the cryptocurrency world and you ’ ll see three words pop up when referring to crypto : stablecoins, altcoins and tokens. Stablecoins are pegged to the value of a hard currentness, for exemplify the japanese hankering, U.S. dollar or Euro. Altcoins are anything other than Bitcoin, which is the original cryptocurrency. Tokens are synonymous with cryptocurrency and are used to describe any mint other than Bitcoin and Ethereum. This can be confusing because some blockchains, for example Ethereum, issue coins that are both static ( pegged to a hard currency ) and tokens ( not stable ) .

Cryptocurrency Terms To Know

  • Altcoin: A cryptocurrency other than Bitcoin.
  • Burning: The deliberate destruction of cryptocurrency tokens to boost the value of currency already in circulation.
  • Consensus mechanism: A system used to validate transactions and ensure blockchain security.
  • Fiat currency: Issued by a government but not backed by a commodity, such as gold or silver.
  • Gas: The fuel required to execute a transaction on the Ethereum blockchain.
  • ICO: Initial Coin Offering; similar to an IPO, it’s how cryptocurrency companies raise money to launch a new coin or service.
  • Mining: Creating new cryptocurrency, without having to pay for it, by solving puzzles. Miners need mining hardware and a crypto wallet to work.
  • Proof-of-work: The original consensus mechanism: crypto miners do the securing and validating by solving mathematical puzzles and are rewarded with crypto.
  • Proof-of-stake: A newer consensus mechanism: Users who stake, or hold, large amounts of cryptocurrency on a blockchain are selected at random to validate transaction blocks.
  • Stablecoin: Cryptocurrency pegged to a “hard” currency, such as the yen or Euro.
  • Token: Synonymous with “cryptocurrency” and also a word for any cryptocurrency other than Bitcoin and Ethereum.

List of Cryptocurrencies 

The Avalanche cryptocurrency logo.Avalanche was created in 2020 on the avalanche blockchain and now traded on 25 exchanges. | Image: Avalanche


Avalanche ( AVAX ), a token on the Avalanche blockchain, was first released in 2020. It is traded on 25 exchanges. matter to parties can earn AVAX via participating in decentralized finance ( DeFi ) projects, including AAVE, which lets users earn matter to and adopt assets ; Benqi, an algorithmic fluidity marketplace protocol ; Curve, a stablecoin fluidity consortium ; and Sushi, a DeFi introduce platform, according to the Avalanche web site .The Binance cryptocurrency logo.Binance is the native coin of the BNB Beacon and BNB Smart chains. | Image: Shutterstock


Binance ( BNB ) powers the BNB chain ecosystem, and is the native mint of the BNB Beacon and BNB Smart chains, according to the Binance web site. BNB can be used to pay for trade fees on BNB ’ s decentralized change, pay transaction fees on the Smart and Beacon chains, and pay for buy on-line and in stores using a Binance Card or Binance Pay, a contactless payment technology. Holders of BNB can besides book locomotion arrangements on, according to the web site, and donate on Binance Charity .The Binance BUSD cryptocurrency logo.binance BUSD is a stablecoin pegged to the U.S. dollar. | Image: Shutterstock

Binance USD

Binance USD ( BUSD ) is a stablecoin, meaning it is pegged to a hard currency, in this case the U.S. dollar. Binance USD, a partnership between crypto trade platform Binance and fintech ship’s company Paxos, was launched in 2019, and is available to buy and trade on both companies ’ websites, according to the bid release announcing the establish. In July of 2022, Paxos announced it would begin releasing monthly reserve holding reports for BUSD and Pax Dollar ( USDP ), its own token, in the diagnose of foil. More on Stablecoins 20 Stablecoins to KnowThe Bitcoin cryptocurrency logo.Bitcoin is widely acknowledged as the original “decentralized digital currency.” | Image: Shutterstock 


Bitcoin ( BTC ) was created in 2008 and launched in 2009 by Satoshi Nakamoto, a pseudonym for a single or a group of programmers who pioneered blockchain, the engineering on which Bitcoin and all cryptocurrency is built. Bitcoin is wide acknowledged as the master “ decentralized digital currency, ” meaning it can be traded peer to peer, without a middleman-type entity such as a bank. Bitcoin is loose source ; its web site urge participation via mining, improving the software and donating to the BitGive Foundation .The Bitcoin cash cryptocurrency logo.Bitcoin Cash (BCH), a Bitcoin spinoff, launched in 2017. Its trading pairs are the U.S. dollar, the Euro, the Japanese yen and the Chinese yuan. | Image: Shutterstock

Bitcoin Cash

Bitcoin Cash ( BCH ), a Bitcoin spinoff, launched in 2017. Its deal pairs are the U.S. dollar, the Euro, the japanese hankering and the chinese yuan. Bitcoin Cash ’ s web site touts it as “ the best money in the worldly concern ” because it ’ sulfur agile and easy to use, reliable, has humble fees, is dependable and is built on a static system .The Cardano cryptocurrency logo.Cardano is described as “the first provably secure proof-of-stake protocol” (versus proof-of-work protocol) and the first blockchain protocol built based on peer-reviewed research. | Image: Shutterstock


Cardano ( ADA ) is the blockchain ; its token is named after mathematician Ada Lovelace. Cardano, which is loose source, was launched in 2015 by Charles Hoskinson, a co-founder of Ethereum. Its basis is Ouroboros, which the web site describes as “ the first base demonstrably fasten proof-of-stake protocol ” ( versus proof-of-work protocol ) and the first blockchain protocol built based on peer-reviewed inquiry .The Chia cryptocurrency logo.Chia is a greener cryptocurrency that requires only a fraction of the computing power for mining required by other cryptocurrencies. | Image: Shutterstock


Chia ( XCH ), based on the Chia blockchain, says it is a green cryptocurrency that requires only a fraction of the computing power for mining required by other cryptocurrencies. Its founders, who detail Chia in a “ green paper, ” say their overture supports the climate goals in the Paris Agreement. Chia ’ s Proofs of Space and Time validating joyride, opposed to Proof of Work or Proof of Stake, means that Chia uses 0.16 percentage of the annual energy consumption of other cryptocurrencies. It is besides character of the Circular Drive Initiative, which aims to reduce e-waste .The Dai cryptocurrency logo.DAI is a stablecoin pegged to the U.S. Dollar. | Image: Shutterstock


Dai ( DAI ), a stablecoin pegged to the U.S. dollar, is supported by the MakerDao protocol, an open-source project on the Ethereum blockchain, according to the white paper on MakerDao ’ s web site. It was released in 2017 as a single-collateral currentness that entirely accepted Ethereum as collateral ; today, it is a multi-collateral organization. Its sibling is Maker ( MKR ), a utility token used to pay fees racked up generating Dai, according to a explanation.

The Dash cryptocurrency logo.Dash can be purchased online or at an ATM, and users can employ the DashDirect mobile app to buy from more that 155,000 brands. | Image: Shutterstock


Dash ( DASH ) was released in January of 2014 as Coin. It rebranded as Darkcoin a few years by and by, and became Dash in 2016. As Darkcoin, it gained some notoriety for being used for purchases on the benighted world wide web. Dash can be purchased on-line or at an ATM, and users can employ the DashDirect mobile app to buy items from north of 155,000 brands easily, with no fees, no wait, and the ability to save up to 12 percentage on purchases, the web site says .The Dash cryptocurrency logo.Degrain sold 11 million token in the first 60 seconds of its launch. | Image: Degrain


Degrain ( DGRN ) was released in July of 2022 ; 11 million tokens were sold in the beginning 60 seconds during its phase-one presale, according to blog Along with the presale, Degrain introduced a VIP baseball club for affluent crypto investors, with a minimal $ 250,000 investment required for membership. Presale buyers received a no-trading-fees-for-life deal .


The Digibyte cryptocurrency logo. DigiByte claims transaction speeds many times faster than Bitcoin, as well as easy use with a DigiByte wallet. | Image: Shutterstock


DigiByte ( DGB ) and its eponymous blockchain chopine were launched in 2014. The open-source and decentralized blockchain is supported by the Digibyte Foundation, developers and the DigiByte Awareness Team, or DGBAT, a group of humans who promote the currentness via social media, outreach and education, according to the DGBAT web site. DigiByte claims transaction speeds many times faster than Bitcoin, angstrom well as comfortable use with a DigiByte wallet .The Dogecoin cryptocurrency logo.Dogecoin is considered as the first meme crypto and is considered a fun and friendly coin. | Image: Shutterstock


Dogecoin ( DOGE ) was inspired by the japanese breed Shiba Inu, which is the coin ’ s mascot. Dogecoin was launched in 2013 and is considered the first meme crypto ; its web site touts the mint as “ fun and friendly ” with opportunities to engage with other users via Reddit and Discord. Users can buy Dogecoin, trade for it, or get tipped in Dogecoin by participating in the Dogecoin community, the web site says. DogecoinFah enables users to join the [ e-mail protected ] inaugural, which helps scientists find cures for Alzheimer ’ randomness, Covid and many cancers .The Ethereum cryptocurrency logo.Ethereum is the second-biggest cryptocurrency on the market, after Bitcoin. | Image: Shutterstock


Ethereum is the blockchain ; Ether ( ETH ) is the altcoin, even though the currency is sometimes referred to as Ethereum. It was created in 2013 and is the second-biggest cryptocurrency, measured by market capitalization, after Bitcoin. Like fractional stocks, Ether is available in bantam shares of one coin, according to the web site. The tutorial on Ether says it is the primary form of collateral in decentralized-finance lend markets, arsenic well as payment in NFT marketplaces. More on Crypto Trading 23 Crypto Apps to KnowThe Litecoin cryptocurrency logo.Litecoin boasts faster confirmation times for transaction and can handle more volume than Bitcoin. | Image: Shutterstock


Litecoin ( LTC ) is a intersection of the Litecoin blockchain, and was created in 2011 by former Google mastermind Charles Lee. The open-source, peer-to-peer currency is suitable for “ instant, near-zero monetary value payments to anyone in the populace, ” according to the Litecoin web site. It boasts faster confirmation times for transactions, a well as a wallet secured by encoding. The Litecoin web site says that its blockchain can handle more volume than Bitcoin. Litecoin miners receive rewards — 12.5 new coins for every parry, the web site says .The Polkadot cryptocurrency logo.Polkadot is open-source and supported by the Web3 Foundation. | Image: Shutterstock


Polkadot ( DOT ) is an open-source project supported by the Web3 Foundation. In June of 2022, it unveiled the beta version of a splashboard that simplifies staking ( holding and earning sake on ) of DOT. It was founded by Gavin Wood, an Ethereum co-founder, in 2020 as a direction to “ possibly create the adjacent translation of Ethereum, ” Wood said in a 2021 Protocol interview .The Polkadot cryptocurrency logo.Polygon is an open-source project and has a maximum of 10 billion tokens. | Image: Shutterstock


Polygon ( MATIC ) has a utmost supply of 10 billion tokens ; 3.8 percentage were released at its first gear secret sale in 2017, according to an article on tech-knowledge compendium Golden. Polygon the blockchain, besides known as the Matic Network, was launched in 2017 and is an open-source plan .The Ripple cryptocurrency logo.Ripple claims transaction costs of a tiny fraction of a cent, as well as a transaction speed of three to five seconds. | Image: Shutterstock


Ripple ( XRP ) runs on the XRP Ledger blockchain, a decentralized, open-source project. Ripple ’ s web site touts the currentness as a tool for faster, cheaper cross-border transactions ; a “ more accessible ” alternative to traditional bank and a mean to move currencies around the populace. It claims transaction costs of a bantam fraction of a cent, equally well as a transaction speed of three to five seconds .The Stellar cryptocurrency logo.Stellar lead the market for smart contracts and decentralized finance. | Image: Shutterstock


leading ’ s Lumen ( LXM ) and Ethereum have led the market for fresh contracts ( terms are embedded in code running on a blockchain, and the contracts are executed when their terms are met ) and decentralized finance, according to a Bitcoinist web log post. Stellar besides has a stablecoin, Stellar USDC, pegged to the U.S. dollar .The Tether cryptocurrency logo.Tether first issued in 2014, it says is the world’s first stable coin. | Image: Tether


Tether ( USDT ) is pegged to the U.S. dollar ; first issued in 2014, it says it is the world ’ s first stablecoin. Tether Gold ( XAUt ), another Tether offer, is a token nail down to a ticket troy ounce of aureate on a London good Delivery bar, according to the Tether web site. The web site touts the currency as “ 100 % backed and fully diaphanous, ” with sum assets and reserves published daily .The Tron cryptocurrency logo.Tron was established in 2014 and is now listed on more that 130 exchanges. | Image: Shutterstock


Tron, or Tronix ( TRX ), is the cryptocurrency native to the open-source Tron blockchain, established in 2014. Tronix, the currency, was first released in 2019. It is listed on more than 130 exchanges, according to the Tron web site. In 2020, the Tron Foundation launched a stablecoin, USDJ, pegged to the U.S. dollar ; investors can use TRX as collateral to generate USDJ, according to the USDJ web site.

The USD Coin cryptocurrency logo.USD Coin is billed as the world’s second-largest stablecoin. | Image: USD Coin

USD Coin

USD Coin ( USDC ) is “ an open source, smart contract-based stablecoin, ” according to the web site for Centre, an open-source project launched by Circle and Coinbase. USDC, which is billed as the worldly concern ’ mho second-largest stablecoin, was released in September of 2018. In March of 2021, Visa said it would allow USDC to be used to settle transactions on its payment network .The Zcash cryptocurrency logo.Zcash bills itself as “fast and confidential — perfect for mobile payments.” | Image: Shutterstock


Zcash ( ZEC ) bills itself as “ fast and confidential — perfect for fluid payments. ” It was released in October of 2016 with The Ceremony, an event in which six people in far-flung parts of the world each developed a section of Zcash ’ mho security protocol, strung the parts together, then destroyed them. The Ceremony was repeated in 2018 with 87 participants, according to Zcash ’ s web site. The web site besides says that Zcash users are promised completely confidential transactions .

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